Static Routing is the routing process in which network administrators manually configure static routes on routers. Unlike dynamic routing, in static routing, a configured network route does not change with the change in the network. Further, in this article, we will discuss static routing in more detail.
What is Static Routing?
Static Routing is one type of routing process, in which network administrators manually define the different networks on a router. As these routes are statically configured, so they do not change with the change in network configurations. If there is a change in the network then network administrators have to manually configure that change in the router or any layer three devices. With the help of Static Routing, we can configure a default route, which has various usages in networking.
You can also read: OSPF | Open Shortest Path First | Quick Overview
Usages of Static Routing
- Static Routing helps a router to build its routing table statically.
- With the help of static routing, we can configure a default route, which is very helpful in networking.
- Usually used in small networks.
Advantage of Static Routing
- Static Routing does not have any trigger update messages, so it is more secure in comparison to various dynamic routing protocols.
- The CPU utilization of the router is very low in comparison to Dynamic Routing Protocols.
- It can be easily configured on a small network. So, it is efficient for a small network.
- With the help of static routing, a Default route can be propagated towards ISP (Internet Service Provider).
The disadvantage of Static Routing
- Unlike dynamic routing protocols, an administrator has to manually configure static routes on routers. So, it is a time-consuming process.
- It is efficient for a small network, but not for a large network.
- Static routing creates a burden on an administrator.
In this article, we discussed static routing. We also discussed various advantages and disadvantages of static routing. It is easy to configure the routing process but can be implemented on a small network only. Though, it is more secure in comparison to dynamic routing.